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APA 7th Edition

Resources on the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th Edition released October 2019.

Basic In-Text Citation Style Format by Author Type

7th Edition Six Steps to Proper Citation Poster

Recommended steps to writing a proper citation are illustrated in above link by the American Psychological

Association [APA] (2020).
 


In-text Citations 

When citing sources in an APA style paper, there are two types of in-text (in-line) citations that can be used within the body of an APA paper to help the reader locate the corresponding reference in the reference list. The two types of in-text citations are parenthetical citations (Direct Quotation) and narrative citations (Paraphrase).
A parenthetical citation is a type of citation where the author and date are listed at the end of the sentence in parentheses; whereas, the narrative citation identifies the author’s name as part of the sentence with the date immediately following the author’s name in parentheses.
by American Psychological Association [APA] (2020).

A Direct Quotation or Paraphrase
A direct quotation reproduces or copies words verbatim from another work or from your own previously published work.
A paraphrase restates another’s idea (or your own previously published idea) in your own words. Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources, focus on significant information, and compare and contrast relevant details.


 Basic In-Text Citation Style Format by Author Typeundefined

Adapted from the American Psychological Association (2020). Note: Define the abbreviation for a group author only *once in the text, choosing either the parenthetical or the narrative format. Thereafter, use the abbreviation for all mentions of the group in the text.

Parenthetical Citation Example

Both the author and the date, separated by a comma, appear in parentheses for a parenthetical citation. A parenthetical citation can appear within or at the end of a sentence.

(This guidance is the same as in the 6th edition.)

She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

Narrative Citation Example

The author’s surname appears in running text, and the date appears in parentheses immediately after the author’s name for a narrative citation. The author’s name can be included in the sentence in any place it makes sense.

According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.

Adapted from the American Psychological Association (2020); Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL).


Author–Date Citation System

 

Use the author–date citation system to cite references in the text in APA Style. In this system, each work used in a paper has two parts: an in-text citation and a corresponding reference list entry. 

Citation-APA7

Author-Date Citation System Webpage
by the American Psychological Association [APA] (2020).

Citing Works With the Same Author and Date Webpage**
by the American Psychological Association [APA] (2020).

Direct Quotation of Material With Page Numbers Webpage
by the American Psychological Association [APA] (2020).

Direct Quotation of Material Without Page Numbers Webpage
by the American Psychological Association [APA] (2020).

In-text Citation Checklist (7th Edition)
by the American Psychological Association [APA] (2020).

Paraphrasing and Quotation (Lesson 17 of 21) | Academic Writer Tutorial
by the American Psychological Association [APA} (2020).

Paraphrasing and Citation (7th Edition) Activities
by the American Psychological Association [APA} (2020).

"Should I Cite This?" | A Visual Guide from Purdue OWL Poster
by Purdue University Online Writing Lab (2020).